Skip to main content
Princeton Ethiopian, Eritrean, and Egyptian Miracles of Mary (PEMM) project

Miracles of Mary Story Dating

By PEMM Staff

PEMM was launched to collect information about the dating of the Ethiopian Miracles of Mary stories. When is the earliest attestation of each tale (in which century does each first appear)?

PEMM found out that the very earliest stories about the Virgin Mary came into Ethiopia in the fourth century.

Then, in the 1300s, Ethiopians began to translate Marian miracle stories from Arabic in the late 1300s. It seems that first eight were translated. Then, in 1400, the royal Ethiopian scriptorium produced a manuscript of stories translated from Arabic, totaling 74 translated stories. Stories continued to be translated from Arabic well into the 1400s

Soon, Ethiopians began adding their own stories of miracles the Virgin Mary had performed, many of them in Ethiopia.

Are some stories more popular in some centuries than others? In which century is each tale the most popular? Do some stories fade in popularity over time? 

[Further data for this Research Post has been collected, but has not yet been added here.]

pricenton ethiopian eritrean & egyptian miracles of marry project

The Princeton Ethiopian, Eritrean, and Egyptian Miracles of Mary (PEMM) project is a comprehensive resource for the 1,000+ miracle stories written about and the 2,500+ images painted of the Virgin Mary in these African countries, and preserved in Geʿez between 1300 and the present.

Princeton Department of Comparative Literature 133 East Pyne, Princeton, NJ 08540

Princeton Department of African American Studies Morrison Hall, Princeton, NJ 08540

© 2024 The Trustees of Princeton University